|Story||Photos / Slideshow||Maps: 1 2 3||Profiles: 1 2 3|
Mt. Gardiner later climbed Wed, Jul 23, 2008|
Mt. Gardiner (12,906 ft.)
Named by Whitney Survey in 1864
"'Two peaks lying just in front of it [the crest] are especially fine ... the northern being a little the highest [by two feet]. This we named Mount King, and the southern one Mount Gardner.' (Whitney, Geology, 392.)
James Terry Gardiner (1842-1912), a member of the Whitney Survey , 1864-67; member of the Geological Survey of the 40th Parallel (King Survey), 1867-72; member of the Geological Survey of the Territories (Hayden Survey), 1872-75. James's father spelled the name without the 'i' and so did James until his second marriage, 1881, when he restored the 'i', which had been in the old family name. (Farquhar files.)
The mountain and the creek were spelled 'Gardner' on maps until the sixth edition
of the Mt. Whitney 30' sheet, 1927. The other 'Gardiner' features were
added to the 15-minute maps, 1953.
- Peter Browning, Place Names of the Sierra Nevada
August 31, 1863:
"It was a delight to travel by rail again, the first time since I left the states. At Sacramento I took steamer, and meeting an old friend, had a pleasant trip. On the way down two young men came up to me, asked if my name was Brewer, and introduced themselves as two young fellows just graduated last year in the Scientific School at Yale College, who this summer have crossed the plains. Their names are Gardner and King. Of course I was glad to see them; King I have taken with me on this trip."
- William H. Brewer, Up and Down California
"James Terry Gardner, or Gardiner, was at Sheffield Scientific School for only
a brief period in 1862, but was awarded an honorary Ph.B. many years later.
Largely for the benefit of his health he accompanied his boyhood friend, Clarence
King, across the plains in 1863. Upon his arrival at San Francisco he entered the
service of the Unites States Engineer Corps as a civilian assistant and was
assigned to construction of fortifications at Black Point and Angel Island. In
the spring of 1864 he joined the Whitney Survey and was a member of Brewer's party
that summer. During the next few years he was with King in Arizona, in the Sierra,
and on the Survey of the Fortieth Parallel. From 1873 to 1875 he was a member of
the Hayden Survey (U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories).
He then returned to New York state, where he became director of the State Survey,
1876-86. Thereafter he practiced as a civil engineer and engaged in coal mining
activities. He had a summer home at Northeast Harbor, Maine. In 1868 he married
Josephine Rogers, of Oakland, California, who died in 1872. In 1881 he married
Eliza Greene Doane, of Albany, New York. The family name had been spelled Gardiner
until James Terry's father dropped the 'i'. James Terry used the form 'Gardner'
until mid-life, when he resumed the earlier form.
The meeting with Brewer is described in a letter that James wrote to his mother a few months later. 'By stage and cars,' he says, 'we came to Sacramento and there took the steamboat. It was crowded with people from the mines. Many rough, sunburned men in flannel shirts, high boots, belts, and revolvers were around me, but among them one man attracted my attention. There was nothing peculiar about him, yet his face impressed me. Again and again I walked past him, and at last, seating myself in a chair opposite and pretending to read a paper, I deliberately studied this fascinating individual. An old felt hat, a quick eye, a sunburned face with different lines from the other mountaineers, a long weather-beaten neck protruding from a coarse grey flannel shirt and a rough coat, a heavy revolver belt, and long legs, made up the man; and yet he is an intellectual man -- I know it... I went to Clare, told him the case, and showed him the man. He looked at him, and, without any previous knowledge to guide him in the identification, said, from instinct: 'That man must be Professor Brewer, the leader of Professor Whitney's geological field-party.' Clare had never seen a description of Brewer, but had once read a letter written by him [Brewer's letter to Brush about Mount Shasta]. After dinner Clare walked up to this man, the roughest dressed man on the boat, and deliberately asked him if he was Professor Brewer. He was; and Clare introduced himself as a student from Yale Scientific School and was warmly received. He then introduced me and we all spent the evening together. On arriving in this city [San Francisco] Brewer took us to his hotel. The next morning we spent our last money for some decent clothes. Brewer immediately took us around to the State Geological rooms and introduced us to Professor Whitney and the gentlemen connected with the Survey... Through Brewer I was introduced to some civil engineers, who have been valuable acquaintances. In three days Clare was made Assistant Geologist.'"
- Francis P. Farquhar, Editor's footnote in Up and Down California
For more information see these SummitPost pages: Charlotte Dome - Mt. Gardiner
This page last updated: Sat Apr 7 17:02:14 2007
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