Mt. Fiske P750 SPS / WSC
Mt. Warlow P500
Mt. Huxley SPS / WSC

Mon, Jun 4, 2007

With: Rick Kent
Matthew Holliman

Etymology
Mt. Fiske
Mt. Warlow
Mt. Huxley
Story Photos / Slideshow Maps: 1 2 Profile

Mt. Huxley (13,086 ft.)

Named by T.S. Solomons in 1895

"One of the 'Evolution Group' of peaks named by Theodore S. Solomons in July 1895. Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-95), English biologist, a supporter of the doctrine of evolution.

'There are Mt. Spencer and Mt. Huxley, between which there exists a wonderful similarity, not only in the analogy of their positions, but in the peculiar resemblance they bear to each other in size and shape, in the sharpness of their summits, in the snow-gorges that flute their sides, and in the smoothness and purity of the cream-colored granite out of which the peaks are sculptured.' (Solomons in Appalachia 8, no. 1, 1896: 49.)"
- Erwin Gudde, California Place Names

"'Darwin's bulldog'; a quick convert to Darwin's evolutionism who became the theory's most important advocate during the next two decades. A tireless lecturer, educator, and popular writer who was largely responsible for professionalizing science in Britain. He feuded with Owen even before the Origin, especially on the anatomical relationships of men and apes; his famous debate with Bishop Samuel Wilberforce at the 1860 meeting of the BAAS followed from this dispute. Ironically, his support for the selection theory was tenuous, and he only became interested in building trees and showing evolutionary sequences after reading Haeckel's Generelle Morphologie. Despite this and being a personal friend of Herbert Spencer, he later opposed that thinker's Lamarckian, laissez faire social theories. During the voyage of the Rattlesnake he conducted studies of jellyfish showing that they were unrelated to the echinoderms, which began his campaign to dismantle Cuvier's four embranchements (especially the 'Radiata'). Later, he turned to vertebrate paleontology, studying fossil hominids and living apes, discovering the descent of birds from dinosaurs, and expounding on the fossil horse sequence as proof of evolution, first using V. Kowalevsky's phylogeny and then switching to O. Marsh's. He coined and popularized the term 'agnosticism' and spent his last years debating political, philosophical, and theological issues. Founder of the X-Club, an influential scientific cabal that included Hooker, Spencer, and the physicist John Tyndall.


- Lefalophodon (online)

More about Thomas Huxley:

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  • More of Bob's Trip Reports

    For more information see these SummitPost pages: Mt. Fiske - Mt. Warlow - Mt. Huxley

    This page last updated: Sat Apr 7 17:02:15 2007
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