Mt. Lamarck SPS / WSC

Sun, Sep 11, 1994
Etymology Story Photos / Slideshow Map Profiles: 1 2
later climbed Thu, Aug 12, 2004

Mt. Lamarck (13,417 ft.)

Named by USGS in 1909

"Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet de Lamarck, (1744-1829), a French pre-Darwinian evolutionist who espoused the theory that characteristics developed by use of habit or environmental change may be inherited. The peak was named to agree with the six peaks of the 'Evolution Group' named by Theodore S. Solomons in 1895. The name was almost certainly applied by the USGS during the 1907-09 survey for the Mt. Goddard 30' map. It is on the first edition, 1912, but is not on J. N. LeConte's 'Elevations.' The creek also is named on the 1912 map.

Art and John Schober named the col 'Schober's Pass' in 1939, it was Art who scouted out the pass and built a trail to it. (Art Schober.) David Brower suggested the name 'Lamarck Col,' which was in use as early as 1942. (SCB 27, no. 4, Aug. 1942: 89.)"
- Peter Browning, Place Names of the Sierra Nevada

"Influential French naturalist and evolutionary theorist. Initially a self-taught botanist working under the patronage of Buffon, he took up invertebrate zoology upon appointment to the Museum d'histoire naturelle. Lamarck was a prodigious taxonomist and wrote lengthy, poorly received theoretical discourses on mineralogy and meterology, but is best known for his sweeping evolutionary theory, which he developed shortly after 1800. Although not the only transmutationist of his time -- most of his colleagues at the Museum d'histoire naturelle accepted at least a limited form of the idea -- Lamarck was the first to seriously suggest that man and all other species may have evolved instead of being specially created. His theory of evolution, developed after the turn of the century, was very different from that of later "Lamarckians" and did not particularly emphasize the inheritance of acquired characters, which was already widely accepted at the time. Lamarck called for spontaneous generation of numerous lineages that evolved under the influence of vital fluids up one or a few scales of complexity. Thus, living forms did not share a single physical ancestor, but did form evolutionary gradients. Lamarck's main opponent was G. Cuvier, who initially responded with public silence and private condemnations. Three years after Lamarck's death Cuvier denounced the theory in a nominal 'elogy' to his departed colleague. Lamarck's arrogance, wordiness, political isolation, and reputation for wild theorizing left him with few allies before his death, but later in the century he was perceived as perhaps even more important than Darwin as a founder of evolutionary biology."
- Lefalophodon (online)

References to can also be found in these files:

  • More of Bob's Trip Reports

    For more information see these SummitPost pages: Mt. Lamarck

    This page last updated: Sat Apr 7 17:02:15 2007
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