Mt. Langley P1K SPS / WSC / LVMC
Cirque Peak P900 SPS

Mon, Aug 9, 2004

With: Michelle Peot
Dan Harris
Jim Kunse

Etymology
Mt. Langley
Cirque Peak
Story Photos / Slideshow Maps: 1 2 Profile

Mt. Langley (14,025 ft.)

Named by Sierra Club in 1905

"Named in 1905 in honor of Samuel Pierpont Langley (1834-1906), astronomer and physicist, who organized an expedition to Mount Whitney in 1881 for research in solar heat and who was well known for his experiments in the problem of mechanical flight. In 1864 Clarence King had named the peak Sheep Mountain. In 1871 Albert Bierstadt made a painting of the peak and named it for William W. Corcoran, donor of the Corcoran Art Gallery, Washington, D. C., where the painting later hung. The same year Clarence King mistook his Sheep Mountain for Mount Whitney, which he and his companions had named seven years before. The mistake was corrected by W. A. Goodyear on July 27, 1873, and Whitney's name was restored to the peak for which it was intended. The BGN approved the name Mount Corcoran until 1943, when the Sierra Club argued that "Langley" had become established through usage; the BGN then reversed its decision and made the present name official.
- Erwin Gudde, California Place Names

"US astronomer, scientist, and inventor of the bolometer, an instrument that measures radiation. His steam-driven aeroplane flew fo 90 seconds in 1896 -- the first flight by an engine-equipped aircraft.

He was professor of physics and astronomy at the Western University of Pennsylvania 1866-87, and studied the infrared portions of the Solar System.

From 1887 he was secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D. C. He founded the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in 1890 and turned to pioneering work in aerodynamics, contributing greatly to the design of early aircraft. he built and tested the first successful (but uncrewed) heavier-than-air craft (aeroplane), which he launched by catapult and which flew over the Potomac River in 1896. The subsequent catapult-launched flights of the Wright brothers at Kitty Hawk owed much to Langley's principles as well as to the more powerful engines available by the early 1900s. The Langley design was tested in later years by using a model with a modern engine; it flew successfully with a pilot aboard.
- The Hutchinson Encyclopedia


References to can also be found in these files:

  • More of Bob's Trip Reports

    For more information see these SummitPost pages: Mt. Langley - Cirque Peak

    This page last updated: Sat Apr 7 17:02:15 2007
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