Mt. Hale P500 SPS / WSC
Mt. Young SPS

Sat, Aug 11, 2007

With: Michael Graupe

Etymology
Mt. Hale
Mt. Young
Story Photos / Slideshow Maps: 1 2 Profile

Mt. Young (13,175 ft.)

Named by F.H. Wales in 1881

"'Know all men! that I hereby on the 7th of September 1881 do name this Mountain "Young" in honor of Prof. Charles Young now of Princeton and formerly Prof. at Dartmouth Colledge -- in witness whereof I have hereon erected this monument as a perpetual memorial. Situation -- N. W. of Mt. Whitney, Distance about 3 miles. About N. of Mt. Hitchcock and about two miles distant. Fred H. Wales.' (Inscription on a piece of paper in a tin can found on the summit of the mountain on July 24, 1934, by Sierra Club members; see SCB 20, no. 1, Feb. 1935: 108.)

Charles Augustus Young (1834-1908), professor of mathematics at Western Reserve, 1857-66; professor of natural philosophy and astronomy at Dartmouth, 1866-77; professor of astronomy at Princeton, 1877-1908. (Farquhar.)"
- Peter Browning, Place Names of the Sierra Nevada

"Charles Augustus (1834-1908) was born in Hanover, New Hampshire, of a family long connected with Dartmouth College. He graduated from Dartmouth, at eighteen, at the head of his class.

... [text missing from reference web site] ...

Young was an authority on the sun and a pioneer in spectrum analysis. He devised the automatic spectroscope, which later came into general use, and his observations led to an improved list of important features of the spectrum of the sun. He organized expeditions to different parts of the world to observe solar eclipses, on one of them observing for the first time the reversal of the lines of the solar spectrum -- the 'reversing layer' -- for which he received the Janssen Medal of the French Academy of Sciences. He also made the first good quantitative determination of the rate of rotation of the sun. He served a term as president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

His book The Sun (1881) went into numerous editions and was translated into several languages; his four textbooks, which were widely used, were generally considered to be among the best in astronomy ever written. His teaching was also, according to his most brilliant student, Henry Norris Russell, 'superb'.

Young was admired by undergraduates, who called him 'Twinkle' (as much for the bright, kindly flash of his eye as for his subject), and by the faculty, who thought him 'in gifts and character . . . the ideal man of science.' At Commencement in 1905, the year he retired, the trustees gave him an honorary LL.D., and the students rose and gave him a triple cheer.

The day he died -- January 3, 1908 -- at his family home in Hanover, New Hampshire, there was a total eclipse of the sun."
- Princeton University

Young debunking the Canals on Mars:

"In the end, he concluded that the canals were watercourses, adding: "The actual conditions on Mars are such that it would be wrong to deny that it could be inhabited by human species whose intelligence and methods of action could be far superior to our own. Neither can we deny that they could have straightened the original rivers and built up a system of canals with the idea of producing a planet-wide circulation system."43 Such were Flammarion's views in 1892.

Flammarion was able to make out only a few of the canals at Juvisy in 1892, and another essentially negative report was given by Charles Augustus Young, a distinguished American solar astronomer, who used the 23-inch (58-cm) and 9-inch (23-cm) refractors at the Halsted Observatory in Princeton. Young was a skeptic when it came to the detailed reports of canals given by users of smaller telescopes, and he wrote pointedly: "When I have failed to see with the large instrument anything I supposed I saw with the smaller, it has turned out on examination that the larger instrument was right, and that imagination had constructed a story that was not true by building up faintly visible details and hazy suggestions furnished by the smaller lens."
- University of Arizona


References to can also be found in these files:

  • More of Bob's Trip Reports

    For more information see these SummitPost pages: Mt. Hale - Mt. Young

    This page last updated: Sat Apr 7 17:02:15 2007
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